THE BERMEJO RIVER NEEDS A STATESMAN

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  written by Juan José Guaresti (III)

 

UNDER DEVELOPMENT IS A STATE OF MIND .  IF ARGENTINA, WHICH IS ONE OF THE LARGEST  COUNTRIES IN THE WORLD,  CHANGED  THE WAY IT  THINKS,  IT COULD  USE  ITS GEOGRAPHICAL WEALTH AND BECOME ONE   OF THE RICHEST  ON EARTH. LET`S READ THE NEXT ARTICLE.

            Born in Bolivian mountains, the Bermejo river enters the Argentine territory through the northern borders of Salta province and traverses about 1300 km (812 miles) delineating the southern limit of Formosa province with the northern limit of Chaco province, before reaching its confluence with the river Paraguay on the eastern borders of these provinces which is also an International border to the south west of the Republic of Paraguay.

            Notwithstanding the countless highly skilled minds that have sentenced throughout history its immense strategical geopolitical conditions and opportunities as a potential source of extraordinary wealth for the Republic, its riches remain until this day unharnessed. We provide below some facts for the reader to solve this stupefying enigma.

            The author laments Dr. Boscovich’s passing, to whom the whole country should feel greatly indebted. We extract a substantial amount of the data presented in this text from the astonishing analysis developed in his books “Geoestrategia para la integración regional” and “Cuaderno Académico de la Escuela de Defensa Nacional 4/2001 -Aprovechamiento fluvial multiple del río Bermejo”, both of inexcusable reading for the critical thinking of the citizen.

THE ECONOMIC ISSUE

            The Bermejo river has an average annual flow of about 450 cubic meters per second but suffers from great seasonal oscillations in the volume of its water flow (from 5000 m3/s to 20 m3/s) accompanied by its consequential alterations on its river bed, which render it inapt for navigation. Notwithstanding this condition, in his many publications Dr. Boscovich has advocated the use of this natural resource since the cost of product transportation (depending in great measure of the distance needed to travel) is five times higher if done by train and fifteen times higher (as is normal and unquestioned today) if done by truck.

            Trucks still remain ideal and necessary on short distance transportation, say up to 400 km, but for longer distances we should consider the alternative as both naval and railway transportation are, by far, less expensive options. The lower cost of regional goods and services would greatly improve our position in world markets thus promoting exports. This would reduce the immense poverty and suffocating inflation rates that overwhelm us.

            In accordance to the President Aramburu’s 1956 decree-law 16.288/56, the so qualified “wild” waters of the Bermejo river could be tamed and used as means of transportation by the construction of an adjacent waterway next to it. Later in October 1956 decisions were taken to study the feasibility of the construction of a second waterway born from this same river and made to “traverse the provinces of Salta, Santiago del Estero, and Santa Fe before its confluence with river Paraná”.

            In 1957 the National Commission of the Bermejo River (C.N.B.R.) was created by decree and chaired for ten years by Rear Admiral Gregorio Antonio Portillo. Portillo established a mission and philosophy which inspired Dr Boskovich: use the river flow and its tributaries to “create a multi-purpose infrastructure: energy, navigation, flood control, neutralization of sediments, provision of potable water, provision of water for industrial purposes, irrigation, livestock, afforestation and a number of indirect benefits for the whole Northern Argentine regions”.

            Most of the technical documentation mysteriously disappeared with the Commission’s dissolution and the creation of a new Commission under the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Despite the necessity to reassess many outdated aspects of the project, Dr. Boscovich described it as, “essential to make use of the Bermejo as a unifying nucleus and a source of development for the Argentine interior and… for the physical complementary process of the Mercosur – Conosur region”.

            With the proper use of its potential the Bermejo river could prove to be pivotal in the development of an almost completely deserted area of about 250.000 km2 (156.000 square miles) in the heart of Argentina,  comprising a significant part of the provinces of Chaco, Formosa, Salta, northwest of Santa Fe and Santiago del Estero (plans to include the province of Córdoba also mentioned below). And as Dr. Boscovich emphasizes: “We reiterate that this project must also be carried out for the sake of our neighboring countries, specially Bolivia, which would be granted efficient access to the sea with more suitable means of transportation to suit the needs of its current production”

            According to the project, two navigable waterways and various dams must be built. The waterways would be about 45/50 meters wide by 3 meters deep. They would together extend for 1730 km (1080 miles) and require 40 m3 per second of water 24 hours a day. This represents less than 10% of the Bermejo´s regulated flow of 450m3 per second. The remaining water resource would be used to produce electricity; provide water for human, livestock, and industrial use; and land irrigation.

            Concerning the vehicles with which to navigate the waterways Dr. Boscovich proposes the use low-draft, light, self-propelled barges with a load capacity of 5000 tons. He provides us with some very interesting figures: A 1000 ton barge is equivalent to 30 train wagons. A convoy of three barges pulled by a tugboat is equivalent to 100 train wagons. Considering that the friction in a liquid is much less than in a solid, the fuel consumption of the tugboat is evidently much lower than that of the locomotive as less energy is expended in its work.

OTHER USES

            The current destination of the Bermejo’s 450 cubic meters of water per every second of every year is a total waste: it flows to the Paraguay river, later on to the Parana river, from there to Río de la Plata, and straight into the Atlantic Ocean.

Instead the C.N.R.B proposed:

  1. a) Water for domestic consumption: It calculated that around 7m3/s would be needed for 2.000.000 people (590.000.000 liters per day).-
  2. b) Electric power: 3087 million Kw/hour/year would be obtained.
  3. c) Livestock: 10m3/s could maintain 17.280.000 of cattle in the area between both channels.
  4. d) Industrial consumption: from 8 to 10m3/s during the first stage.
  5. e) Agriculture: it estimated 2800 liters per hectare (299.34 gallons per acre), which would consume 100 m3/s in 3.000.000 hectares. Consumption would be higher with more intensive uses (farms).

Possibility to grant cheap exports to the Paraguay (Chaco) production

            A dam in the Pilcomayo river with a dam would diverge part of its water in a waterway that would connect the territory of Paraguay with the Bermejo waterway.

 

CÓRDOBA PROVINCE

            Córdoba could and should incorporate its immense human capability together with its agricultural and industrial power into this project: Engineer Jose Palacio, a highly qualified professional from this province, designed a channel that would join the second channel in the vicinity Añatuya town and would converge with the Carcaraña river which runs into the Parana River, north of Rosario city. Cordoba’s participation would ensure the success of the initiative and notably expand the number of beneficiaries.

            Argentina is presently in a very difficult financial position to carry out a project of this magnitude. It is nevertheless a good opportunity to remember a millennial Basque proverb: “Ezina, ekinez egina” (euskera for “the impossible, by endeavor is achieved”).

The author maintains this project is endorsed by the National Constitution

            As established by article 75, paragraph 18 as long as it is financed by “…concessions of privileges and reward of stimulus”, without forgetting the provisions of subsection 19. If our ancestors were able to make the largest railway network in South America where there was nothing but desert land, it is clear that in a few years we will be able to connect the land-locked provinces of Salta, Jujuy and Santiago del Estero with the Atlantic Ocean; to join the illustrated Cordoba to a project which suits its qualities and necessities; to also put an end to Bolivia´s land-lock and to open a water road to the Paraguayan Chaco.

            As said by General Manuel Savio (an icon in the history of our Argentine industry), “What’s important is not to delay any longer”.

 

find more about the author @ www.juanjoseguaresti.com.ar

 


PrisioneroEnArgentina.com

Octubre 4, 2020


 

26 thoughts on “THE BERMEJO RIVER NEEDS A STATESMAN”

    • FRANCISCO BENARD
    • posted on October 9, 2020

    LO QUE FALTAN EN ARGENTINA SON HOMBRES DE ESTADO. QUE PIENSEN EN GRANDE Y PARA LAS FUTURAS GENERACIONES. TODOS PIENSAN SOLO EN SER GOBIERNO ETERNAMENTE.MUY BUENA LA NOTA. MUY BUENO EL INGLES DEL AUTOR DE LA MISMA. TEMA DE RELEVANTE IMPORTANCIA PARA LA ARGENTINA Y
    TODA ESTA REGION DEL PLANETA.

  1. Pingback: LO MÁS VISTO ♣ Octubre 4, 2020 - Prisionero en Argentina

    • Aida Monti
    • posted on October 4, 2020

    Ho conosciuto l’Argentina, un paese bello e ricco ma quelli che sono saliti al potere lo stanno distruggendo da molti anni.

    • Ben Parkes
    • posted on October 4, 2020

    Good idea for new opportunities of human settlements. Rivers are a source of fresh drinking water and food. Also provide transport routes and, tourism opportunities Rivers are also a source of hydroelectric power

    • FRANCISCO BENARD
    • posted on October 4, 2020

    Esto es pensar en GRANDE. FELICITACIONES.

    • Roger pavlovic
    • posted on October 4, 2020

    Is this a case of writer’s block and he repeats himself because he only have one or two stories that he thinks people want to hear over and over????

    • Oscar Richardson
    • posted on October 4, 2020

    Its is a great option for undeveloped regions. Low cost

    • Douglas Teller
    • posted on October 4, 2020

    Rail shipping completely eliminated the need for shipping on rivers. Just read Helmut Metzeller’s “age of canals” . There’s no need to ship over river anymore FYI. It used to be important when rails weren’t invented though.

      • Sarah Cook
      • posted on October 4, 2020

      That age of canals was a time when people used to build a lot of canals as an alternative for road-travel. In other words, it was for both long- and short distance. This canal-building ‘rage’ has ended, but it does not have a lot to do with modern waterway shipping.
      Why? Because modern-day waterway shipping is all about quantity. You can ship more containers over a river in an hour than you could send over rail in a week, even assuming the railroad is straight and is not used for other means (i.e. public transport). It is also much cheaper. Partly because you can ship more goods at once, but also because you have very low infrastructure-costs. Sure, you need to bagger the rivers/canals, build some locks, etc. But the railway infrastructure needs constant maintenance, aside from the fact that you actually need to lay the rails first. And this ‘is’ a valid extra cost, because even though a canal would be way more expensive to build per mile, you only built one to connect two waterways or oceans, significantly reducing the total cost. It is perfect for third world countries.

  2. Lo que esta bien aprovechado el Bermejo es para pasar falopa.

      • piquin galvez
      • posted on October 4, 2020

      EN LA ZONA DE LAS CHALANAS

    • mariquita Granados
    • posted on October 4, 2020

    ¿…Traducción…?

      • PRISIONEROENARGENTINA
      • posted on October 4, 2020

      Mariquita Granados, pedimos disculpas por haberlo omitido, El presente artículo se puede leer en español en:
      ARGENTINA DILAPIDANDO RIQUEZA – EL APROVECHAMIENTO DEL CAUDAL DEL RÍO BERMEJO BENEFICIARÍA A ARGENTINA, BOLIVIA Y PARAGUAY
      https://prisioneroenargentina.com/index. php / 2020/08/03 / argentina-dilapidando-riqueza-el-aprovechamiento-del-caudal-del-rio-bermejo-beneficiaria-a-argentina-bolivia-y-paraguay /

      Cordialmente
      Prisioneroenargentina.com

    • Sarah Tartan
    • posted on October 4, 2020

    Guys, guys, guys, guys…! Come on ! You guys published this before…!

    • Claudio Kussman
    • posted on October 3, 2020

    Argentina tiene un suelo rico y pródigo como así un clima favorablemente benigno, pero… desde hace más de 70 años comenzó a ser depredada por una clase política corrupta y una sociedad indiferente, que dejó hacer indiferente. A esta altura seria casi un milagro revertir esta situación, por ello mucha gente está emigrando. Cordialmente CLAUDIO KUSSMAN

  3. I am sorry if I am rude, but no ONE NOT a single soul would invest in Argentina now.

    • steveo
    • posted on October 3, 2020

    I see it can solve the water provision and distribution… I can’t help myself: What kind of fish is that????

      • PRISIONEROENARGENTINA
      • posted on October 4, 2020

      In the Rio Bermejo it is common for athletes from other countries to come fishing. In the photo what you see would be (we are not connoisseurs of the matter) a giant catfish. Connoisseurs say that pieces of just over 150 kilos (330 pounds) and up to 3 meters (almost 10 feet) long have been achieved. Cordially PRISIONEROENARGENTINA.COM

  4. Espanish plis plis

      • Jose Ad
      • posted on October 4, 2020

      Exelente artículo Sr Juan José Guaresti, muchas gracias! !! Desconocía esa cuestión. Muy bueno el comentario de la Sra Sara Cook. La verdad que
      a la inmundicia política no le intersa el futuro de nuestra Nación.

      • PRISIONEROENARGENTINA
      • posted on October 4, 2020

      Sr. Stalin.Castillejos, pedimos disculpas por haberlo omitido, El presente artículo se puede leer en español en:
      ARGENTINA DILAPIDANDO RIQUEZA – EL APROVECHAMIENTO DEL CAUDAL DEL RÍO BERMEJO BENEFICIARÍA A ARGENTINA, BOLIVIA Y PARAGUAY
      https://prisioneroenargentina.com/index.php/2020/08/03/argentina-dilapidando-riqueza-el-aprovechamiento-del-caudal-del-rio-bermejo-beneficiaria-a-argentina-bolivia-y-paraguay/

      Cordialmente
      Prisioneroenargentina.com

    • Michael Swindell
    • posted on October 3, 2020

    Hey! I had already read this before !!!

      • clive_Moonsoon555
      • posted on October 3, 2020

      Me too… 🙂

        • werner marius
        • posted on October 3, 2020

        Isn’t it an update?

    • J.D.
    • posted on October 3, 2020

    The most I read about that country, the most mad it makes me think how sloppy its administrations were tru the years

      • andy bluer1985
      • posted on October 3, 2020

      Argentina has wasted its wealth and by wasted I meant corruption took over

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